At a glance: Learn about the differences in attribution models between Meta ads and AppsFlyer.
Meta ads discrepancies with AppsFlyer
As any two major players in the mobile user acquisition eco-system, AppsFlyer and Meta ads differ in their attribution models. This may cause discrepancies to occur between Meta ads and AppsFlyer dashboards.
While we work closely with Meta ads to minimize these discrepancies, advertisers should be aware of the following causes for them.
Detect a discrepancy between AppsFlyer and Meta ads
Compare events listed in Meta ads Event Manager to those in AppsFlyer reports. If the number of events varies significantly, there may be a discrepancy.
Differences in attribution models
Click attribution lookback window
7 days (Note that there are some specific cases where the default is different).
1-30 days. Make sure to set to 7 days with Meta ads.
View-through attribution lookback window
1 day (Note that there are some specific cases where the default is different).
1 day by default, but can be configured to be 1-48 hours (keep this default value)
Meta ads self-attributes installs regardless of other media sources.
AppsFlyer uses last-click attribution (more information about AppsFlyer attribution available here)
Meta ads attributes its users that click and install on different devices, for example, iOS/Android/desktop.
AppsFlyer attributes single devices, which perform both the engagement and the install
Different time zones
Meta ads default reporting time zone is PST. Make sure to change it in Meta ads Manager to match the app time zone defined in the app settings in AppsFlyer.
AppsFlyer's default app time zone is UTC+0. You can change the time zone set for the app in the app settings page to match the time zone defined in Meta ads Manager.
Google install referrer
When an install without an advertiser ID was attributed to Meta ads using the Google Play install referrer, AppsFlyer doesn't report it back to Meta ads. This will cause a discrepancy since it'll display in AppsFlyer and not in Meta ads.
AEM for data sharing
For AEM data sharing, Meta ads receives all conversion events. This added attribution doesn't show in AppsFlyer. Therefore, there's an increase in data discrepancy between both platforms for installs (in most cases) and in-app events, including sessions.
Click-through and view-through attribution
AppsFlyer supports both click-through and view-through attribution. To minimize discrepancies between Meta ads and AppsFlyer, make sure that both the Click-through and View-through lookback windows are consistent with the default ones defined by Meta ads.
Meta ads' default click-through lookback window is set to 7 days. Although there are some specific cases where the default is different, it is recommended to set the click-through lookback window in AppsFlyer to 7 days to cover all Meta ads' default options.
To compare the click-through and view-through attribution windows on Meta ads with those on AppsFlyer, visit Meta ads. We recommend configuring the attribution windows on AppsFlyer according to Meta ads values as they are shown in the following screenshot:
Suppose that the Meta ads click lookback window is configured on AppsFlyer to 1 day for your app com.greatapp, while on Meta ads it has the default value of 7 days. Users that click on Greatapp's ad on Facebook, but launch the app for the first time after 2-7 days are attributed as organic users on AppsFlyer, while Meta ads self-reports these users.
Restricted media discrepancies
Until October 28, 2021, attribution data of users brought by view-through attribution (VTA) was restricted and is not available to advertisers.
Starting October 29, 2021, the restrictions apply to users brought by both view- and click-through attribution. Aggregated reporting was not affected by this.
Since Meta ads doesn’t send user-level data, AppsFlyer can't attribute conversion-assisting impressions and clicks to Meta ads. See the example demonstrating this:
- A user sees or clicks an ad on Facebook for AwesomeApp. Then, later, they see and click on a GreatAdNetwork ad for AwesomeApp and install it.
- Meta ads claims the conversion since it occurred within their lookback window.
- AppsFlyer attributes the conversion to GreatAdNetwork as they had the last engagement before install.
- AppsFlyer won’t consider Meta ads as a conversion-assisting network since Meta ads raw data is restricted. What you'll see instead:
- On the dashboard: "Restricted"
- In raw data reports: The "Contributor Media Source" column is empty
However, for click-through attribution, if the ad directs users to Google Play Store, attribution fields are available to advertisers in the Google Install Referrer. The fields provided via the referrer populate AppsFlyer raw data reports available to you and enable AppsFlyer to attribute users who don't have an advertising ID (LAT-enabled).
In-app events differences
The differences between platforms may also be present with post-install events (for example, in-app purchases), that are displayed on Meta ads and on AppsFlyer. The following table describes the most common reasons for these differences and advised on how to minimize them:
|Different lifetime definition
|A user's lifetime on Meta ads is defined as up to 7 days, meaning Meta ads doesn't show events if they occurred over 7 days after the ad click.
In AppsFlyer, a Meta ads user's lifetime is defined as up to 180 days.
|When assessing the value of users from Meta ads campaigns that occurred after 7 days, use AppsFlyer's data to get a broader picture.
|AppsFlyer gets SDK originated events, but they are not mapped to Meta ads, and therefore aren't sent.
|Make sure to map with Meta ads all the in-app events that signify users' quality.
|AppsFlyer gets the revenue from the SDK originated events, but they are not sent to Meta ads.
|Make sure the Send Revenue boxes of the in-app events are always checked, for example, the purchase event in the capture below.
|Missing event values on Meta ads
|AppsFlyer sends parameters and values to Meta ads as part of the events mapping, if they have the correct structures.
|Build your SDK in-app events according to AppsFlyer's recommended structures to fully map the event values with Meta ads.
Installs from re-engagement campaigns in my UA dashboard?
A re-engagement campaign can cause users to open an already installed app(re-engagement). Alternately, when AppsFlyer recognizes a previous install of the app existed on the same device, AppsFlyer may refer to that conversion as a re-attribution.
If, on a re-engagement campaign, Meta ads targets new users or users that have installed the app for the first time after more than the set re-attribution window following the original installation, these users are recorded as new user acquisition installs on AppsFlyer, which belong to a re-engagement campaigns on Meta ads.
On the other hand, installs that take place within the set re-attribution window following the original installation, are considered as re-attributions and appear on the retargeting page of AppsFlyer, while they may be appearing as new installs by Meta ads.
While Meta ads shows all installs of a retargeting campaign in the same place, on the AppsFlyer dashboard, installs are divided between the Overview page (new installs) and the Retargeting page (re-attribution and re-engagements).
Meta ads reports on cross-device attribution. This could sometimes cause issues where a campaign for one platform (iOS/Android) shows installs on another platform.
Linda clicks on a mobile ad of GreatApp on Facebook using her Android phone. Meta ads records the click done by Linda under the original Android targeted campaign "Android Females". Linda decides to install GreatApp on her home iPad. Upon first launch, AppsFlyer asks Meta ads for the origin of this iOS install, and Meta ads answers with the campaign "Android Females".
Validation rules and Protect360
If you use AppsFlyer's Validation Rules, results may differ between AppsFlyer and Meta ads when there are rejected installs that originally come from Meta ads. In these cases Meta ads self-reports installs to itself, while AppsFlyer rejects the same installs.
Similarly, if you use AppsFlyer's anti-fraud solution, Protect360, there may be installs since Meta ads self-reports, while AppsFlyer rejects.
Jeff, the UA manager of GreatApp, creates a campaign called SPNA, which targets only Spanish speakers in North America. To verify this Jeff defines a validation rule, that accepts users from Canada and the US only.
When a Meta ads user from Spain clicks and installs the app, Meta ads self-reports the install, while AppsFlyer rejects the install that doesn't pass the validation rule.
SDK related discrepancies
There could be several occasions when advertisers implement both AppsFlyer and Facebook SDKs. This might cause discrepancies both for in-app events. Meta ads doesn't de-duplicate in-app events which are reported from both SDKs. This means that Meta ads may report falsely report revenue and other events.
- Use either of the following methods to avoid duplicate in-app event reporting in Meta ads:
- Don't configure events in the Facebook SDK.
- Disable the Meta ads in-app events mapping from AppsFlyer.